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Prostate Cancer Treatment Cape Town

What is Prostate Cancer?

Cancer is a malicious spread of cells in the body that could affect the functions of almost any organ. It does so by overpowering said part of the body with its own harmful cells and tumors to the point where the organ often renders unusable. When cancer spreads in the prostate, the  effects come in the form of affected reproductive functions, as well as additional problems in the urinary system. This causes more issues for older males, 50% of whom already have an enlarged prostate by the age of 60 – which marks them in crucial need for prostate cancer treatment.

How Does Prostate Cancer Affects Those with Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)?

By the time they get struck by prostate cancer, this group of older males with an enlarged prostate may also have already developed benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).

Benign prostatic hypertrophy causes multiple issues by obstructing the urinary tract, leading to problems such as difficulty urinating and frequent urination – all through a prostate that has grown in size overtime.

When an already enlarged prostate registers additional and unnatural growth in the form of cancer cells, then it is imperative for it to receive prostate cancer treatment on an immediate basis.

It’s because prostate cancer with a prostate affected by benign prostatic hypertrophy could cause all kinds of problems for the patient, increasing their issues by twofold, if not more.

How Does Prostate Cancer Affect the Patient?

The prostate is located just below the bladder in the male urinary system. Through its seminal vesicles, it is responsible for the production of semen and delivering it to the urethra (penis). The urethra’s tube also runs between the prostate, so whenever the bladder dispenses any urine to the urethra, it has to flow through the tube in the prostate.

While there are multiple types of cancers that appear in the body, prostate cancers are almost always identified as adenocarcinomas. These cancer cells originate from the prostate’s gland cells, which are responsible for adding fluid to the semen.

As a result, prostate cancer causes issues to the seminal vesicles and the reproductive health. It can also damage the urinary system and cause multiple problems.

What to Expect in Prostate Cancer That Co-exists with Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

When the prostate gets affected by prostate cancer or gets enlarged due to benign prostatic hypertrophy, it obstructs the urethra and the bladder’s supply to it. As a result, it causes discomfort, difficulties, or even an inability to urinate for the patient.

That is why, when these two issues get combined, they often cause significant problems for the patient. While having both conditions at the same time is not as common as having benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostate cancer individually, it is still very much possible and poses a significant problem for older men, which calls for an immediate approach to prostate cancer treatment.

 

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

It has been stated that about 1 in 9 men get diagnosed with prostate cancer. But while even being that common, prostate cancer often goes undetected before it grows serious, which makes it a problematic disease to deal with. When it does show symptoms, they are usually along the following lines.

  1. Difficulty urinating.
  2. Frequent urination.
  3. Urgency to urinate.
  4. Urgency to urinate at night.
  5. Inability to urinate.
  6. Incontinence (inability to control urination).
  7. Dribbling after urination.
  8. Weak urine stream, where the stream stops abruptly after starting.
  9. Decreased amount of ejaculated semen.
  10. Painful ejaculation.
  11. Erectile dysfunction.
  12. Hematuria (blood in the urine).
  13. Blood in semen.
  14. Pain in the rectum.
  15. Pain in the back or hips.

Almost half of the symptoms associated with prostate cancer are those which are noticed in benign prostatic hypertrophy. That is why, whenever these symptoms are registered, patients need to report them to their medical health professionals to get diagnosed correctly and receive timely prostate cancer treatment.

How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?

Due to the advancements in technology, these symptoms and challenges can be addressed through advanced prostate cancer treatment that ranges from targeted programs to specific approaches to disease.

However, since prostate cancer is often associated with late detection, it is often recommended for even healthy men to have regular screenings. It is recommended for men to start screening for prostate cancer by their early 40s (some medical health professionals call for younger men to have regular screenings as well).

We provides the all kind of prostate cancer treatment cape town. The diagnosis for prostate cancer begins through a digital rectal examination, which is followed by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. If the results for these tests return any problems, then samples are extracted from the prostate and sent for biopsy. The biopsy results are usually returned within 3-5 days.

If you test positive for prostate cancer, then your medical health professional will have a detailed discussion with you. Similar to other cancers, prostate cancer treatment depends upon the staging of the disease.

In Stages I and II, the cancer is usually contained within the prostate. Beginning from later sections of Stage III, the cancer might show signs of spreading to other parts of the body, which would classify it as metastatic cancer.

Cancer that is spread to other organs through metastasis is no longer limited to affecting a single organ, but in its metastatic form could be even deadlier to the whole body. Depending upon the staging, your medical health professional will discuss all treatment options with you.

Prostate Cancer Treatment and Prognosis

Unlike benign prostatic hypertrophy that can benefit from natural BPH treatment, prostate cancer has to receive immediate medical attention and targeted approaches for the patient to have a greater quality of life.

Depending upon the staging of the cancer and the overall effects on your health, you would receive multiple treatment options that would include but not be limited to chemotherapy; radiation therapy; surgery; and newer forms of treatment such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy.

What may work for you could only be advised by your oncologist. Make sure to have detailed discussions with your medical health professional and your oncology team to choose the best course of action for your treatment.

With the advancements in technology, the treatment for prostate cancer has come a long way. Nearly 98% of men who were diagnosed with prostate cancer that was restricted within the gland or within nearby organs were reported to be alive after 10 years.

Thus, if you are diagnosed with the disease, you should keep a positive approach and explore all treatment options. If you need any support, then do not hesitate from reaching out to family and friends as well as specialized support groups.

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